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The Sahara desert and the Amazon rainforest are so different and far apart one might not imagine that they share a vital ecological link. These storms not only cause destruction on its wake but it carries the dust of the desert high into the atmosphere. 1. Sahara, (from Arabic ṣaḥrāʾ, “desert”) largest desert in the world. Enjoy free Prime Music streaming service included with your Prime membership. Filling nearly all of northern Africa, it measures approximately 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from east to west and between 800 and 1,200 miles from north to south and has a total area of some 3,320,000 square miles (8,600,000 square km); the actual area varies as the desert expands and contracts over time. And one can’t live without the other. Dust from the Sahara Desert stretches across the tropical Atlantic Ocean in late June/early July 2018. It’s more unusual that dust from the Sahara is transported directly to the UK, but when it does, rain can bring the dust back down to earth.

The Amazon rainforest exists in part due to an atmospheric pipeline of dust from the Sahara Desert. The Sahara is the world's largest source of aeolian soil dust Schütz et al., 1981, D'Almeida, 1987, Swap et al., 1996 and probably accounts for almost half of all the aeolian material supplied to the world's oceans. Most of the dust is deposited in the North Atlantic Ocean and the Amazon rainforest, but concentrated plumes are able to travel to the Caribbean, Central America, North America and Europe. Stream millions of songs for free.

The Sahara Desert is huge, hot, and full of sand and dust. Here Comes the Saharan Dust. The Amazon basin is huge, warm, but full of greenery and wildlife. Saharan dust events are frequent in the Carpathian Basin also during interglacials. (MORE: Saharan Dust = Fertilizer For Amazon) Given the SAL is most common during hurricane season, research has been done on how it can affect the development of tropical storms and hurricanes.

Sahara Desert dust windblown to the Amazon. The Sahara desert is the biggest desert and such a big desert are bound to have big dust storms. The dust contains phosphorus, important for plant growth. Listen Now. On June 18, satellites began to detect thick plumes of Saharan dust passing over Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, and Guinea-Bissau before moving out over the Atlantic Ocean. • Annual Saharan dust flux can be set into the range of 3.2–5.4 g/m 2 /y.. Admixture of Saharan dust material has a major influence on soil-formation. The plume came from small dust particles that were picked up from the Sahara Desert in Africa and transported thousands of miles by the wind. Over the final week of June and into early July, haze settled in over the tropical Atlantic. July 13, 2018. The phosphorus that reaches Amazon soils from Saharan dust, an estimated 22,000 tons per year, is about the same amount as that lost from rain and flooding, Yu said.

Dust from the Sahara crosses the Atlantic Ocean to reach the Amazon rainforest in South America. The Saharan air layer (SAL) and embedded Saharan dust are shown in red tracking across the Atlantic Ocean basin into the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. More than 56% of the dust fertilizing the Amazon rainforest comes from the Bodélé depression in Northern Chad in the Sahara desert. Howling winds blow phosphorous-rich dust, made up of the remains of tiny microorganisms, 3,000 miles across the Atlantic to fertilize the Amazon rainforest. June 28, 2018PNG. The Sahara is the largest desert in the world, occupying an area about the size of the United States (including Alaska and Hawaii) or China. Credit: Conceptual Image Lab, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center.

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