";s:4:"text";s:3503:" In a famous (some might say infamous ) 1956 paper, Miller summarized the results of his research and that of other psychologists on "working" (short-term) memory as follows: the average person can simultaneously hold around seven items (chunks of information) in working memory. "From the days of William James, psychologists had the … ‘Magic number 7’ The “Magic Number 7” is a paper written by a cognitive psychologist George Miller. The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information is a 1956 paper by the cognitive psychologist George A. Miller. For seven years this number has followed me around”. Some of the data he refers to falls far outside this range. In it Miller showed a number of remarkable coincidences between the channel capacity of a number of human cognitive and perceptual tasks. George Miller’s magical number 7, plus or minus two, helps confirm the capacity of short term memory (Miller, 1956).
Miller basically finds that the number of objects a person can recall in short term memory to be approximately 7. The paper addresses the limits of human information processing and recall abilities. I've even recall reading a slightly sarcastic analysis of Miller's paper saying 7+-2 should actually be 9+-4 from the data Miller presents. So begins his now famous article The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on our Capacity for Processing Information. Leave a Comment on George Miller, human memory and the magical number seven Today we commemorate George A. Miller (3 Feb 1920 – 22 Jul 2012), an American psychologist, and one of the founders of modern cognitive psychology, and recipient of a National Medal of Science in 1991. He had been tasked to empirically find how many random digits a person could remember at any time, so Ma Bell could figure out how many numbers to use for defining the concept of the telephone number. It argues that the number of objects an average human can consciously process at any one time is 7 ± 2. In 1956 American cognitive psychologist George Armitage Miller, then teaching at Harvard, published "The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information," Psychological Review, Vol. 2, 81-97.He had read the paper before the Eastern Psychological Association on April 15, 1955. In 1956 (a very good year, by the way), psychologist George Miller published a paper entitled The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information . Most people 18 and over can hold 5 to 9 items in their short term memory (Miller, 1956). In George A. Miller In a famous paper, “ The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information ” (1956), Miller proposed as a law of human cognition and information processing that humans can effectively process no more than seven units, or chunks, of information, plus or minus… But Miller is best-known to technical writers for his "magical number 7, plus or minus two". THE MAGICAL NUMBER 7 PLUS OR MINUS 2 George Armitage Miller once famously complained: “My problem is that I have been persecuted by an integer(整数).